Sign in to follow this  
Followers 0
carefree

New Interesting ISQs!!!

187 posts in this topic

1. In operant conditioning learning is thought to result from the consequences of a person's actions

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

2. In social learning theory - learning is thought to result from the contiguity of environmental events

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

3. When children are rejected by their parents or are afraid of them, their attachment may increase

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

4. Shaping behaviour is also known as 'Grandma's rule'

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

5. Negative reinforcement reduces the probability of a response occuring

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Answers with references to follow tonight or as soon as someone responds - whichever is sooner!

Take a shot! :) :)

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

what's happening folks??

too busy studying?? Zoran/BellaDonna??

come on....!! :'( ???

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

4.true............ there is tonnes of literature on this..... if anyone want's a ref..... let me know

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

carefree, i'm not sure on number one............ I guess its false............

but i guess that i guess wrong and that's why i'm still here!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
4. Shaping behaviour is also known as 'Grandma'a rule'

FALSE

Grandma's rule is the Premack Principle, eg let's do the old boring college questions first (and make sure we get them right), and then we can do new interesting ISQs :)

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Zoran

i thought no. 4 is true because i found the following.

have a read through these and see what you think???

GUIDING PRINCIPLES FOR PARENT/TEENAGER INTERACTIONS

... o Increase positive interactions o Try grandma's rule/first we work and then we

play o Start at your teenager's present level o shape behavior o Praise part of ...

www.chrisdendy.com/articles/principles.htm - 7k - Cached - Similar pages

Guiding Principles for Parent/

... Increase positive interactions; Try grandma's rule/'first we work then we play';

Start at your teenager's present level; Shape behavior; Praise part of job well ...

www.adda-sr.org/guiding.htm - 9k - Cached - Similar pages

When and How to Use Artificial Rewards

... are usually quite sufficient to shape a child's ... will likely lead to success and desirable

behavior. ... technique is what we call 'Grandma's rule' because most of ...

www.nara-licensing.org/artificialrewards.htm - 18k - Cached - Similar pages

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

OK this is what I think - TTTFF.

Not too busy studying as am not sitting until Spring, just hadn't got round to looking at these interesting questions.

Cheers

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

re children and attatchment- I think this is false- these children will be more clingy but the quality of attatchment will be poor.

1) true

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Zoran

i thought no. 4 is true because i found the following.

have a read through these and see what you think???

I would say true to 'grandma's rule can be used in shaping behaviour'.

You got me worried now :) Are you taking the exam this month?

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

4) F as you can see below, shaping is defined differently from Grandma's rule. Here, Grandma's rule is called activity reinforcment. Grandma's rule does not help the child to gradually perform a difficult task.

Shaping

method of 'successive approximation'

reinforce improvements from a present (wrong) behavior e.g. swimming: face in water -> feet off bottom -> glide, etc.

e.g. Hoepfel-Harris, 1980: cardiac rehab program reinforcement for weight lost, distance run, attendance

in exercise, since fundamental behaviors are already known, shaping need only be done on duration, intensity, resistance and repetitions

Martin & Pear, 1978: guidelines for shaping:

Select terminal behavior

Select appropriate reinforcer

Develop a plan for shaping incremental from present to goal

Implement key point is small steps so go back if necessary

Be prepared to make changes if necessary keep records so that you know what you have done

Prompting

use of any antecedent which helps initiate a behavior e.g. verbal (Let's go!)

e.g. physical (supporting while swimming)

e.g. symbolic (putting exercise gear in front of TV)

gradually remove the prompt: process of fading

Activity Reinforcement

Presbie & Brown, 1977: 'Grandma's Rule': can't have dessert until vegetables are eaten

lower preference activity > higher preference activity

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
4. Shaping behaviour is also known as 'Grandma'a rule'

Positively FALSE then.

But the Premack Principle can be used (along with other methods) to reinforce the behaviours that are closer and closer approximations to the final desired response.

I like this simple webpage about learning theory and practice:

http://www.bordercolliekennel.nl/more_training_tips.htm

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

WOW!! Its amazing the amount of reading everyone is doing!

How r u getting the time to do it?? ???

Right folks - Here we go

1. In operant conditioning learning is thought to result from the consequences of a person's actions TRUE

Chapter 4 - Kaplan & Sadock's Synopsis of Psychiatry - 9th Edition

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

2. In social learning theory - learning is thought to result from the contiguity of environmental events FALSE

That is the definition for Classical conditioning .

Social learning theory incorporates both  Classical and Operant models of learning but also considers a reciprocal interaction between the person and the environment. Cognitive processes are viewed as important factors in modulating a person's responses to environmental events.

Page143 - Synopsis of psychiatry - 9th Edition

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

3. When children are rejected by their parents or are afraid of them, their attachment may increase TRUE

Contributions of Psychosocial Sciences – Synopsis – 9th Edition

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

4. Shaping behaviour is also known as 'Grandma's rule' FALSE

Shaping behaviour involves changing behaviour in a deliberate and predetermined way. By reinforcing those responses that are in the right direction, the experimenter shapes an animal’s behaviour. It is also called successive approximation

'Grandma's rule' is Premack’s principle

‘If you eat your spinach, you can have dessert’

In other words, a behaviour engaged in with high frequency can be used to reinforce a low frequency behaviour.

Chapter 4 - Synopsis – 9th Edition

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

5. Negative reinforcement reduces the probability of a response occurring FALSE

It is the definition of punishment. Punishment weakens or suppresses an undesired response.

Negative reinforcement is a process by which a response that leads to the removal of an aversive event is increased

Page 146 Synopsis - 9th Edition

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

6. In kleptomania, the stolen objects are sometimes returned to the owner

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

7. Epileptic automatisms are frequently associated with violent behaviour

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
Sign in to follow this  
Followers 0