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psychology/ sociology queries

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1. Compliance therapy has been proven to improve the outcome of patients prescribed neuroleptic medication


Relapse in people with schizophrenia is common and in many cases attributable to poor compliance with antipsychotic medication. Compliance therapy was developed to specifically address non-compliance with antipsychotic medication. We only found one reasonably good but small trial. It did not show that compliance therapy really effected compliance with medication, psychotic symptoms, or quality of life but it was always too small really to show this for certain. The study did, however, suggest that the compliance therapy may help people spend shorter times in hospital across a two year period, when compared with standard care. There is a need for more studies and we have proposed a design that could be conducted within the confines of routine care for outcomes of interest to everyone involved.

2.Measurement scales with multiple answers increase reliability in measuring attitude .. I thot FALSE

3. If you disagree with the attitude of someone you like you will change your attitude rather than change your opinion of the person. FALSE ( you would change both of them a bit (osgoods theory)

4.Social disintegration is usually incompatible with upward mobility in social class in a population. FALSE

5.Risk taking behaviour is reduced mainly due to the severity of the outcome rather than perceived susceptibility… FALSE..with age , one takes lesser risks…

6.Spiral deviance is to do with primary and secondary deviance: TRUE

primary deviance --is first act of deviance

secondary deviance --

As used by Edwin Lemert, secondary deviance refers to deviant behavior which flows from a stigmatized sense of self; the deviance is thought to be consistent with the character of the self. A person's self can be stigmatized or tainted by public labelling. Secondary deviance is contrasted to primary deviance, which may be behaviorally identical to secondary deviance but is incorporated into a 'normal' sense of self. One may, for example, get drunk several times because one sees oneself as enjoying a party. However, if one notices that friends are hiding their liquor during visits to their house, one may come to see oneself as a 'drunk' and then continue to get drunk because one is a drunk. The first acts are primary deviance and the second act is secondary deviance.

Deviancy amplification spiral

According to the theory, the spiral starts with some 'deviant' act. Usually the deviance is criminal but it can also involve legal acts considered (rightly or wrongly) morally repugnant.

Irresponsible publicity can increase deviant behaviour by glamourising it or making it seem common or acceptable.

7.Normalization is same as positive discrimination…says TRUE…but can some one help with a reference

8.Brief dynamic psychotherapy is indicated in somatisation disorders

FALSE ..i thot it might be true…

CBT better

(Pg 85, Recent Topics from Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, Vol 2, Ed Alan Lee)

I have tried to furnish refs for the one i cud get...any help clarifying these issues will be welcome..


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