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Gurpal

Part II ISQ Club - Neurosis

11 posts in this topic

Part II ISQs on two topics will be posted twice a week. You are encouraged to post a reply in the thread, stating whether you think an ISQ is true or false and why (eg. a short explanation, with reference to the textbook you used). Please only deal with one ISQ in each post and include the question as the first line of your post. All ISQs are taken from previous posts by Forum members.

In a few days this ISQ Club thread will be moved to the Question Bank board. If you submit an answer, your status will be changed to 'Question Bank member' and you will be able to see the Question Bank board. Please allow up to 48 hours for this change to happen.

1. Severe anxiety may lead to delirium

2. Obsessive ruminations disappears with thought stopping

3. Japanese Americans migrating to USA but maintaining their traditions are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease than those adopting to the local situation

4. 2% of smokers quit on brief advice from clinicians within 1year

5. In wild baboons, the dominant male exhibits the most aggression

6. Workers who have high pressure jobs but with more individual decision-making scope have a raised risk of ischaemic heart disease

7. Stimulus preparedness explains phobia

8. Carbon dioxide sensitivity explains phobia

9. Women are more suggestible under oath than men

10. Specific phobias are exclusively seen in women

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7. Stimulus preparedness explains phobia

FALSE

Generalisation

(Pg 2, Exam Notes in Psych, Basic Sc, Malhi & Mitchell)

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10. Specific phobias are exclusively seen in women

FALSE

Occur in both sexes.

Lifetime prevalence of 4% in men & 13% in women

(Pg 170, Oxford Txt of Psych, 3rd Ed, Gelder et al)

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1. Severe anxiety may lead to delirium

FALSE

May be a symptom

(Pg 323, Synopsis of Psy, 8th Ed, Kaplan & Sadock)

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3. Japanese Americans migrating to USA but maintaining their traditions are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease than those adopting to the local situation

FALSE

”Japanese Americans have been found to have much lower risks of heart and cardiovascular diseases than their white American counterparts. With increasing adaptation to the western diet (high meat, less roughage), however, there appears to be an increase in coronary artery disease.”

http://www.stanford.edu/group/ethnoger/japanese.html

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6. Workers who have high pressure jobs but with more individual decision-making scope have a raised risk of ischaemic heart disease

FALSE

A study of heart disease and job stress, which found that increased job control--which reduces job stress--was associated with lower incidence of ischemic heart disease, taking into account leading risk factors such as smoking.

http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/heartdisease/

A Follow-up Study of Job Strain and Heart Disease Among Males in the NHANES1 Population

Steenland et al

(American Journal of Industrial Medicine 1997; vol. 31, pp. 256-260)

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5. In wild baboons, the dominant male exhibits the most aggression

TRUE

(Pg 407, Hilgard’s Intro to Psychology, 13th Ed, Atkinson et al)

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4. 2% of smokers quit on brief advice from clinicians within 1year  

TRUE

'Pooled data from 16 trials of brief advice versus no advice (or usual care) revealed a small but significant increase in the odds of quitting (odds ratio 1.69, 95% confidence interval 1.45 to 1.98).

This equates to an absolute difference in the cessation rate of about 2.5%.'

Silagy C, Stead LF. Physician advice for smoking cessation (Cochrane Review). In: The Cochrane Library, Issue 1, 2004. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

http://www.cochrane.de/cochrane/revabstr/ab000165.htm

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2. Obsessive ruminations disappears with thought stopping

True, can do

Thought stopping is a major alternative to habituation training. Thought stopping aims to provide a strategy for dismissing thoughts and thereby reduce their duration. They may also have the effect of increasing the patients sense of control and hence reduce discomfort. Effective thought-stopping (in CBT model) is accompanied by a programme to eliminate neutralizing (including reassurance) and avoidance.

ref Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for psychiatric problems ed Keith Hawton et al. Oxford press 1999

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