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Part II ISQ Club - Child

22 posts in this topic

Part II ISQs on two topics will be posted twice a week. You are encouraged to post a reply in the thread, stating whether you think an ISQ is true or false and why (eg. a short explanation, with reference to the textbook you used). Please only deal with one ISQ in each post and include the question as the first line of your post. All ISQs are taken from previous posts by Forum members.

In a few days this ISQ Club thread will be moved to the Question Bank board. If you submit an answer, your status will be changed to 'Question Bank member' and you will be able to see the Question Bank board. Please allow up to 48 hours for this change to happen.

4 WEEKS LEFT UNTIL THE WRITTEN PAPERS!

CLICK HERE FOR THE COUNTDOWN CLOCK!

1. In a child of 18 months, playing happily with a stranger is a sign of insecure attachment

2. A child comfortably playing with a stranger in the absence of mother is indicative of insecure attachment behaviour in the Ainsworth strange situation test

3. A dazed look on the child's face when the mother returns is consistent with insecure attachment in the Ainsworth strange situation test

4. Temperament in the first 6 months of life can accurately predict conduct disorders in adolescence

5. Maternal smoking in pregnancy is associated with conduct disorders

6. The heritability of conduct disorders is 0.1-0.2

7. The prevalence of specific reading disorder in England is 20%

8. The prevalence of specific reading disorder in Japan is 1%

9. Severe specific reading disorder is associated with impaired non-verbal task performance in an IQ test

10. In Piaget’s model, sensory information is variably received according to cognitive schemes

11. Unsocialised conduct disorder children have low self esteem

12. More than 50% of children with conduct disorder have EEG abnormalities

13. Conflict in relationships predicts breakdown of the relationship

14. Juvenile delinquency in girls is more predictive of future mental health problems than in boys

15. Body rocking is seen in 40% of normal children at 18 months

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14. Juvenile delinquency in girls is more predictive of future mental health problems than in boys

FALSE

“Juvenile delinquency is a legal term that indicates violation of the law. It is not synonymous with mental disorder. It is sometimes a consequence but not a cause of mental illness.”

(Pg 1263, Synopsis of Psy, 8th Ed, Kaplan & Sadock)

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6. The heritability of conduct disorders is 0.1-0.2

TRUE

Environmental influences greater than genetic/biological

(Pg 62, Child Psychiatry, Goodman & Scott)

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7. The prevalence of specific reading disorder in England is 20%

FALSE

3-10% (Pg 193, Child Psychiatry, Goodman & Scott)

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8. The prevalence of specific reading disorder in Japan is 1%

FALSE

Similar SRD rates of 3-10% for UK, USA, Japan & China

(Pg 193,Child Psychiatry, Goodman & Scott)

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9. Severe specific reading disorder is associated with impaired non-verbal task performance in an IQ test

TRUE

Due to neurodevelopmental & neuropsychological impairments such as left-right confusion, poor coordination, poor constructional abilities, motor impersistence.

(Pg 193, Child Psychiatry, Goodman & Scott)

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1. In a child of 18 months, playing happily with a stranger is a sign of insecure attachment

FALSE, assuming mother is present (statement True if mother is absent)

(Pg 203,Child Psychiatry, Goodman & Scott)

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11. Unsocialised conduct disorder children have low self esteem

TRUE

(Page 670,Companion to Psych Studies, Johnstone et al, 6th Ed)

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3. A dazed look on the child's face when the mother returns is consistent with insecure attachment in the Ainsworth strange situation test

TRUE

(Pg 203,Child Psychiatry, Goodman & Scott)

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??? ???what does a heritability of 0.1--0.2 mean? DK

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10. In Piaget’s model, sensory information is variably received according to cognitive schemes . false,

page 630--644 in richard gross txtbk of psycho

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4. Temperament in the first 6 months of life can accurately predict conduct disorders in adolescence

I would say false.

While Goodman and Scott 'Child psychiatry' page 63, on conduct disorder say that 'infants with temperaments classified as 'difficult' are more likely to be referred for aggressive problems later on.

and Bird and harrison say, under Temperament in chapter 6, that continutity over time from infancy was very evident given stability of enviornment with diiifcult chile most vulnerable to development of behaviour disorders,

studies are done on children older than the 6months quoted in the ISQ (e.g. Caspi and Silva 1995 - 3 year olds (Puri and Hall, p31)

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5. Maternal smoking in pregnancy is associated with conduct disorders

False

Conduct disorders associated with:

hyperactivity, depression, educational failure, poor interpersonal realtionships

and causes are listed as:

enviornment more than genetic;

Child-based mechanisms-constitutional characteristics and psychological processes (significant cognitive attributional bias),;

immediate enviornment (parental psychiatric disorder, parental criminality, child-rearing practices,parent-child interaction patterns, sexual abuse);

wider enviornment-school factors and wider social influence (p63- 64, Goodman and Scott)

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juvenile delinquency in girls is more predictive of future mental health problems than boys

have to disagree with dk on this one although it's not entirely clear. Juvenile delinquency in girls is associated with higher rates of substance abuse and dependence in later life than males if both groups have been neglected as children. (Oxford textbook of psychiatry - juvenile deliquency section)

certainly in adult females offending is more likely to be asociated with psyciatric illness than males

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juvenile delinquency is a legal term, not synonymous with conduct disorder.

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14. Juvenile delinquency in girls is more predictive of future mental health problems than in boys

TRUE

I agree with grohat. Inference from:

National Trends

His findings are similar to results of national studies on young female offenders. They suggest that the path to juvenile delinquency for girls is complex and differs in many ways from that of boys.

The typical female juvenile offender is aged 14 to 16, from an ethnic minority, lives in a poor neighborhood with a high crime rate, and has experienced physical, sexual, and/or emotional abuse, according to a 1998 OJJDP report, 'Guiding Principles for Promising Female Programming: An Inventory of Best Practices.'

Other characteristics are poor academic performance, substance abuse, and a lack of medical or mental health services, states the report.

Researchers have found that these factors are interrelated. For example, up to 70 percent of female delinquents have a history of sexual abuse, which can result in academic failure, teen pregnancy, low self-esteem, and other problems.

OJJDP Administrator Shay Bilchik told Psychiatric News, 'Juvenile justice officials have recently begun to understand the multiple processes that impact the lives of teenage girls such as pregnancy and sexual abuse. The red flags for delinquency have been there, but the needs of girls have been largely ignored.'

He attributed that in part to few community mental health resources and to the juvenile justice system’s handling girls differently from boys. 'Because the majority of girls are arrested for misdemeanor offenses, judges usually try to divert their cases from the juvenile system into more informal settings rather than mandating treatment and accountability,' said Bilchik.

Girls typically respond to a crisis with more self-destructive behavior than do boys, so girls may be perceived as less dangerous to society and thus receive less attention, according to the OJJDP report.

http://www.psych.org/pnews/00-01-07/girls.html

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5. Maternal smoking in pregnancy is associated with conduct disorders

TRUE

'Maternal smoking during pregnancy appears to be a robust independent risk factor for conduct disorder in male offspring. '

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=9236551&dopt=Abstract

Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1997 Jul;54(7):670-6.

Maternal smoking during pregnancy and the risk of conduct disorder in boys.

Wakschlag LS, Lahey BB, Loeber R, Green SM, Gordon RA, Leventhal BL

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15. Body rocking is seen in 40% of normal children at 18 months

true. [google.com]

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2.child playing comfortablly with a stranger in absence of mother is indicative of insecure attachment behaviour in Ainsworth stranger situation.

?FALSE

no age mentioned, so how can that be indicative.

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2.child playing comfortablly with a stranger in absence of mother is indicative of insecure attachment behaviour in Ainsworth stranger situation.

?FALSE

no age mentioned, so how can that be indicative.

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13. conflicts in relationships predict breakdown of the relationship.

FALSE

conflicts are inevitable.it is the process of resolving conflicts.

psychology GROSS pg 395

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7. The prevalence of specific reading disorder in England is 20%

FALSE

Specific reading retardation – 3.9% (Isle of Wight) and 9.9% (London) of ten year olds

General reading backwardness – 8.3% (Isle of Wight) and 19% (London) of ten year olds

Ref: YoungMinds Report 2000

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