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Gurpal

Part 2 ISQ Club - Learning disability

27 posts in this topic

Below are some ISQs from the autumn 2004 exam. The complete paper can be downloaded by clicking here.

1. Specific reading disorder rates in school children in England is about 20%

2. Specific reading disorder rates in school children in Japan is about 1%.

3. 1% of Japanese children have dyslexia

4. Learning disability is associated with specific reading disorder

5. Severe specific reading disorder is associated with myopia

6. Severe specific reading disorder is associated with lower non-verbal IQ

7. Fragile X is associated with a CAG repeat on the X chromosome

8. In Fragile X syndrome, the fragile site is on the short arm of the X chromosome

9. Angelman syndrome is due to a paternal deletion on chromosome 15

10. There is increased incidence of schizophrenia in learning disability

11. In severe learning disability, institutional care is usually necessary

12. Severe learning disability requires compulsory detention

13. XXY chromosomal abnormality is associated with moderate to severe learning disability

14. Marfan's syndrome is associated with self-injurious behaviour

15. Lithium is useful to treat aggressive behaviour in learning disability even without affective disorder

16. Self-injurious behaviour in learning disability can be treated with phenobarbitone

17. Transplacental transmission of protozoal infection causes learning disabilility in the newborn

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1. Specific reading disorder rates in school children in England is about 20%

false. 3-10%

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2. Specific reading disorder rates in school children in Japan is about 1%.

false. 3-10%

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3. 1% of Japanese children have dyslexia

false.

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4. Learning disability is associated with specific reading disorder

false

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5. Severe specific reading disorder is associated with myopia

false

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6. Severe specific reading disorder is associated with lower non-verbal IQ

true.

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7. Fragile X is associated with a CAG repeat on the X chromosome

false. CCG repeat.

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8. In Fragile X syndrome, the fragile site is on the short arm of the X chromosome

false. long arm

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9. Angelman syndrome is due to a paternal deletion on chromosome 15

false. maternal

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10. There is increased incidence of schizophrenia in learning disability

true

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11. In severe learning disability, institutional care is usually necessary

true

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12. Severe learning disability requires compulsory detention

false.

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13. XXY chromosomal abnormality is associated with moderate to severe learning disability

false. mild

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15. Lithium is useful to treat aggressive behaviour in learning disability even without affective disorder

true.

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17. Transplacental transmission of protozoal infection causes learning disabilility in the newborn

true

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7. Fragile X is associated with a CAG repeat on the X chromosome

false. CCG repeat.

I think its typing error, its CGG repeat

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10. There is increased incidence of schizophrenia in learning disability

true

2-3 % of persons with LD meet the criteria for Schizophrenia, i.e.. incidence is several times higher than the rate for general population

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16. Self-injurious behaviour in learning disability can be treated with phenobarbitone.

True

It CAN be used altho' it can also cause deterioration in behaviour.

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Transplacental transmission of protozoal infection causes learning disabilility in the newborn

True

Toxoplasmosis (TORCH) causes LD

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2. Specific reading disorder rates in school children in Japan is about 1%.

3. 1% of Japanese children have dyslexia

True & True

Surprised me, this one.

Kaplan & Sadock (8th ed) p3110

'prevalence estimates (of reading disorder) seem to vary around the world (eg rates of as high as 20% in some English-speaking countries; 10% in Scandinavian countries; 5% in Germany and, reportedly, 1% in Japan and China)'

Note this is for Reading Disorder rather than Specific Reading Disorder, but judging from the criteria the latter is a more conservative diagnosis, I think.

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14. Marfan's syndrome is associated with self-injurious behaviour

????

guess - false

injuries r due to the condition rather than self harm ???

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3. 1% of Japanese children have dyslexia  

false.

True traditionally but False from this year - new research is out this year – 1% for ‘kana’ Japanese but 5-6% for ‘kanji’ – all depends how up to date you think the examiners are and this is an old stock question…

http://www.dyslexia-teacher.com/dyslexia_japan.html

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