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Part II ISQ Club - Psychology/Sociology

61 posts in this topic

30 Part II ISQs on two topics will be posted twice a week. You are encouraged to post a reply in the thread, stating whether you think an ISQ is true or false and why (eg. a short explanation, with reference to the textbook you used). Please only deal with one ISQ in each post and include the question as the first line of your post. All ISQs are taken from previous posts by Forum members.

In a few days this ISQ Club thread will be moved to the Question Bank board. If you submit an answer, your status will be changed to 'Question Bank member' and you will be able to see the Question Bank board. Please allow up to 48 hours for this change to happen.

NOTE: NEXT ISQ CLUB POST WILL BE ON 16 FEBRUARY 2004.

1. Following extinction, you cannot re-condition

2. Reading digits after address in a phone book represents automatic attention

3. Normalisation is the same as positive discrimination

4. Prejudice improves a person’s own self esteem

5. There is a sustained gaze before the last utterance of a word

6. Semantic differential is used to measure attitudes

7. The equal interval scale is used to measure attitudes

8. When an autocratic leader is absent, employees stop working

9. In social power, reward is better than coercion in families

10. The sick role and illness behaviour are synonymous

11. Leadership ability depends on task orientation

12. People perceive tallness as more confident.

13. In extinction an initial increase in the learned behaviour is initially seen

14. Where there is no clear correct answer, polarization is likely to occur in groups

15. The Repertory grid can be used to measure attitude

16. The ability to recognise expressions just by looking at the area around the eye is more in women

17. People with agoraphobia are more likely to recall negatively charged words than neutral words

18. Primacy effect is a feature of declarative memory

19. Leadership skills are independent of specific situations

20. The Stroop test measures attention with interference

21. Repeated suggestion has demonstrated the possibility of false memories

22. Values are synonymous with norms

23. Habituation leads to generalisation

24. Extinction occurs more rapidly in continuous reinforcement compared with variable reinforcement

25. Modern social anthropology is concerned with ontogenic studies

26. Facial expressions convey sadness better than voice

27. A transient increase in response to conditioned stimuli occurs immediately after extinction

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15 the repertory grid can be used to measure attitude

True,' a persons constructs are systematically elicited and recorded,but poor statistical reliability'

Sciences basic to psychiatry pg 318

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13 in extinction an initial increase in the learned behaviour is seen-True

This is the extinction burst seen in operant learning.

Sci. basic to psych. pg 310

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10 sick role and illness behavior are synonomous

False

Sick role described by Parsons (1951) to allow society to nrmalise the sick individual despite them not functioning normally

Illness behaviour described by Mechanic(1978) to describe the way an individual perceives evaluate and act upon organic malfunction

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4. Prejudice improves a person’s own self esteem

True

I came to this conclusion from:

Part of Tajfel and Turner's (1986) social identity theory which, coming out of minimal group work, contends that people seek to enhance both their individual and social identities. One of the ways that we do that is to denigrate the 'outgroup', viewing them as being in social competition with our own groups

Ref Gupta and Gupta

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9. In social power, reward is better than coercion in families.

True -

I think- see social power p391 - 393 in Gupta and Gupta Psychology for psychiatrists

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6. Semantic differential is used to measure attitudes

True

Osgood's semantic differential - see page 379 of Gupta and Gupta

he described semantic or 'denotative' meaning (meaning found in a dictionary) and connotative' which is how someone feels about the word. In measuring attitudes researchers usually focus on evaluativeconnotative meanings such as how good/bad, desirable/undesirable the word is (ef 'poison' and 'honey' have two very different connotative meanings.

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Q8 and 11

autocratic - dependent on leader. Stop when leader absent. Best for urgent tasks

democratic - responsible, work without leader. ?Best for creativity/productivity

(Intro to Psychtherapy, Bateson)

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14

Ambiguous tasks - conformity deceases

Difficult task - more likely to yield to incorrect majority answer

(Psychology, Gross)

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18. True

Also forming impressions of people

Serial position effect

Primacy (LTM) earlier items recalled better than middle items

Recency (STM) Last items recalled better than earlier

(Gross again)

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23. False

habituation - stimuli continuously presented - stop respondin (adaption)

Generalisation - CR transfers spontanously to similar stimuli

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24. True

Extinction - weakening of CR when CS presented wothout UCS

Continuous RF - very low resistance to extinction

Variable ratio> interval RF - high resistance

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6. Semantic differential is used to measure attitudes.

Answer is True.

It is one of the direct methods of measurement of attitudes (Reference to Grosss page 352 and examination notes in psychiatry Malhi page 16)

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15) The Repertory grid can be used to measure attitude

False - Munafo 1st ed. p39, Puri and Tyrer 2nd ed.p118

A measurement for personality

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19) Leadership skills are independent of specific situations

False - Malhi p23

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14) Where there is no clear correct answer, polarization is likely to occur in groups

True - Psychology 4th ed. Gross p389, Munafo p81

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20) The Stroop test measures attention with interference.

True - Gross 4th. ed. p193

The written word interferes with the naming of the colour of the word

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1. Following extinction you cannot recondition

FALSE

'following extinction, if the animal is allowed to rest , a weaker conditioned reponse can re-emerge' page 2 Revision notes in psychiatry, puri and hall

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2. reading digits after address in a phonebook represents automatic attention

FALSE

'[automatic attention]- usually operates outside conscious awareness. This is teh system we use when we are well practised...' 'controlled system of processing... operates within awareness and is the process that we use to describe attention in everday terms'

page 46 - psychology for psychiatrists - gupta and gupta

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2. Reading digits after address in a phone book represents automatic attention

true.

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